Thyroid disease affects nearly 200 million people across the globe and 30 million people in the United States. Roughly half remain undiagnosed and untreated. Surprisingly, thyroid disease is more common than diabetes and heart disease. Spreading the message of thyroid awareness can help more people receive proper treatment and resume a healthy lifestyle without restrictions.
What is a Thyroid?
Your thyroid is responsible for several critical processes in your body. Not only does it regulate the body’s temperature, but it also produces hormones in order to normalize the body’s metabolism. When your thyroid isn’t functioning properly, it can cause the body’s system to speed up or slow down which can contribute to weight gain or inability to lose weight. Therefore, understanding the tiny gland can be essential to your overall health and well-being.
Symptoms of Thyroid Disease
Depending on the type of thyroid disease, symptoms may vary. The most common types include:
Hyperthyroidism occurs when the thyroid is overactive, consequently producing extreme amounts of thyroid hormone. Symptoms may include fatigue, mood swings, rapid heartbeat, trouble sleeping, and weight loss.
Hypothyroidism is the opposite of hyperthyroidism. The condition produces too little of the thyroid hormone which causes fatigue, weakness, weight gain, hair loss, and depression.
- Thyroid cancer
Patients who suffer from thyroid cancer experience pain in the neck, enlarged lymph nodes, difficulty swallowing, and hoarseness.
In some cases, people suffering from thyroid disease may not experience any symptoms and must rely on physical exams from their health care provider. Through early detection, treatment, lifelong monitoring, and education, we will create the necessary awareness to prevent undiagnosed and untreated cases of thyroid disease.